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N. 34 (2018), numero in uscita

Mario Farina

Dottrina dell’uomo e malattia mentale.
L’antropologia di Hegel tra
Spätaufklärung e Romanticismo

1. L’anima come oggetto: tardo illuminismo e romanticismo; 2. Il modello hegeliano; 3. Paradigma hegeliano della follia e l’inconscio; 4. Malattia mentale e dottrina dell’uomo.

Theory of Man and Mental Illness. Hegel’s Anthropology between Spätaufklärung and Romanticism.
The article aims at comparing Hegel’s and Jacobi’s diverging conceptions of self-consciousness. To that purpose, I first put emphasis on the ambivalence of Hegel’s interpretation of immediate wisdom: on the one hand, Hegel praises Jacobi’s anti-Kantian understanding of the Ego as substantial personhood and life; on the other hand, according to Hegel, Jacobi is still a Cartesian, in that he reduces the Ego to the abstract form of intuition, and does not raise it to concrete spiritual mediation. Secondly, by outlining a possible Jacobian reply to the charge of Cartesianism, I contrast Jacobi’s model of a copresence of self-consciousness and life with Hegel’s dialectical dynamism of a substance becoming subject.

Keywords: Hegel, german illuminism, german romanticism, anthropology, german philosophy.


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