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ANNUARIO FILOSOFICO

N. 35 (2019)

Tommaso Valentini

Luigi Stefanini: ermeneutica filosofica e teoria della persona


PP. 275-309

1. Un’ermeneutica filosofica ante litteram, p. 276; 2. “Antropologia della sproporzione” e “trascendenza della persona”: la riappropriazione critica di Maurice Blondel, p. 280; 3. Dal sum all’esse: analisi dell’interiorità e approcci concreti al mistero dell’essere, p. 288; 4. «L’ontologia è una glottologia »: il linguaggio come organo dell’essere interiore, p. 294; 5. I riflessi pratici della teoria della persona: la democrazia come “personalismo sociale”, p. 303.

Abstract
Luigi Stefanini: Philosophical Hermeneutics and Theory of the Person
In this paper I underline that the Italian philosopher Luigi Stefanini (1891- 1956) theorized a hermeneutic perspective
ante litteram. Starting from the study of the French philosopher Maurice Blondel, Stefanini proposed a hermeneutics of human condition based on the will of infinity which is in interiore homine: he emphasized the transcendence present in the human being. In the second part of this essay, I analyze the ontology of the person – proposed by Stefanini – in connection with his philosophy of language: he stated that “ontology is a glottology”, i.e. that each linguistic act could be understood as a direct manifestation of personal being. So, he identified in the personal being the inexhaustible source of linguistic and aesthetic creativity. In the last part of the paper are examined the fundamental ethical-political implications of the“hermeneutic personalism” elaborated by Stefanini: democratic life is ethically realized as “social personalism”. In the political order the human person must always be the fundamental reference value of the institutions. Stefanini’s reflections on democracy, although developed in the 1950s, show elements of surprising relevance and constitute an original application of his theoretical philosophy.

Keywords: theory of the person, philosophy of language, Italian philosophy of the twentieth century, hermeneutics, personalism.



 

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